J. Marshall, A. Anderson, W. Dewar, S. Doney, J. Edson, R. Ferrari, G. Forget, D. Fratantoni, M. Gregg, T. Joyce, K. Kelly, S. Lozier, R. Lumpkin, G. Maze, J. Paster, R. Samelson, K. Silverthorne, E. Skyllingstad, F. Straneo, L. Talley, L. Thomas, J. Toole and R. Weller
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
A major oceanographic ﬁeld experiment is described, designed to observe, quantify and understand the creation and dispersal of weakly stratiﬁed ﬂuid known as ‘mode water’ in the region of the Gulf Stream. Formed in the wintertime by convection driven by the most intense air-sea ﬂuxes observed anywhere over the globe, the role of mode waters in the general circulation of the subtropical gyre and its biogeochemical cycles is also addressed. The experiment is known as CLIMODE for CLIvar MOde Water Dynamic Experiment. Here we review the scientiﬁc objectives of the experiment and present some preliminary results.